A new report says more than 200 million people across the world could be forced to move within their countries in the next three decades because of climate change.
MINNEAPOLIS — The effects of climate change are being felt all across the globe and it’s expected to push millions of people out of their homes.
The World Bank’s updated Groundswell report, released Monday, found that climate change is increasingly driving migration. As many as 216 million people across six world regions could move within their countries by 2050 because of climate change.
The report also said it could create hot spots of internal climate migration as early as 2030 unless urgent action is taken.
“I think what this report really highlights is the number of people already experiencing migration — whether that’s by choice or by force — because they don’t have a clean, healthy, safe place to live with access to food and clean water,” said Heidi Roop, assistant professor of climate science at the University of Minnesota.
The number of international migrants in 2020 was 3.6% of the global population (281 million), according to the United Nations.
The Groundswell report looked at six regions: Latin America; North Africa; Sub-Saharan Africa; Eastern Europe and Central Asia; South Asia; and East Asia and the Pacific.
By 2050, Sub-Saharan Africa could see as many as 86 million internal climate migrants; East Asia and the Pacific, 49 million; South Asia, 40 million; North Africa, 19 million; Latin America, 17 million; and Eastern Europe and Central Asia, 5 million.
“We need to prepare for these movements of people and provide them safe places to go and the infrastructure to be able to have food, health care, clean water. But we also have an opportunity to reduce our emissions which is the root cause of many of the problems. It’s the thing that’s changing the climate system and forcing climate migration, changes in extreme weather, precipitation, extreme heat, all of these climate impacts force movement of humans and make the places we call home inhabitable. But we choose whether more of those places become less habitable under climate change and how much we prepare our communities for the impacts we know are coming our way,” Roop said.
RELATED: ‘Code red for…